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Key takeaways

  • Uncertainty looms headed into closely watched 2020 U.S. elections
  • The potential for a contested election outcome raises the specter of market volatility, but timing markets is difficult, and investors could miss out if they rush to the sidelines and cash
  • Minimum volatility and quality factors, diversified equity indexes and broad fixed income indexes and can potentially help investors to weather volatility and stay invested

The final stretch of the 2020 U.S. election season — Nov. 3 is fast approaching — feels loaded with uncertainty.

As always, control of the White House and Congress are up for grabs as voters express their preferences for U.S. policymaking in the years ahead. But unlike any election cycle in our lifetimes, this one is playing out in the middle of a pandemic and economic recession.

What’s more, the BlackRock Investment Institute sees a material risk of a contested election or a delayed result. A jump in mail-in voting could complicate vote counting, delay results and trigger legal challenges. Brace for an election week, or longer — and don’t expect to be rewarded with results by staying up late into the night.

For investors, one consequence may be the potential for heightened volatility across financial markets.

Time in the market, not timing the market

Investors are likely thinking about how or whether to re-position portfolios in anticipation of an upswing in volatility related to the outcomes of the 2020 election. And it’s common for investors to act on election-related worries by dialing back on risk and selling stocks. Flows into money market funds have accelerated in presidential election years since 1993; in keeping with the three-decade trend, money market funds, have seen a surge this year as well — although the effects of the coronavirus-induced market shock are of course a factor.1

Successfully timing the market — buying and selling at just the right times — is difficult even for the most experienced investor. In the face of uncertainty, there’s a temptation to stay on the sidelines, sitting in cash to avoid big market declines while waiting for the unknown to play out. However, this seemingly intuitive strategy may cause investors to miss out on gains when down markets snap back. Missing even a handful of top-performing market days can significantly weigh down overall returns.

Time in the market vs. timing the market: Missing top-performing days can hurt your return

Hypothetical investment of $100,000 in the S&P 500 Index over the last 20 years (June 2000 – June 2020)

Bar chart representing a hypothetical investment of $100,000 over the last 20 years

Source: Morningstar as of 6/30/20, chart data references the top five, 15 and 25 days over the period. Index performance is for illustrative purposes only. Index performance does not reflect any management fees, transaction costs or expenses. Indexes are unmanaged and one cannot invest directly in an index. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

A bit of historical perspective is always helpful when thinking about financial markets. U.S. stocks have fared well over the long term and throughout different administrations. Importantly, markets have continued to trend positively over time, and the power of compounding returns means that for the long-term investor, a focus on managing volatility and simply remaining invested may prove more powerful than reactions to a given administration.

The election: stocks have continued higher regardless of presidential party

Bar chart showing increase in stocks over time with indicator of years with democrats or republicans in office

Source: Morningstar as of 6/30/20. Stock market represented by the S&P 500 Index from 1/1/70 to 6/30/20 and IA SBBI U.S. large cap stocks index from 1/1/26 to 1/1/70. Past performance does not guarantee or indicate future results. Index performance is for illustrative purposes only. Index performance does not reflect any management fees, transaction costs or expenses. Indexes are unmanaged and one cannot invest directly in an index. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Managing market volatility (without going headlong into cash)

Consider three strategies when it comes to managing portfolios through bouts of uncertainty:

  • The first strategy involves factors, the persistent and well-documented asset characteristics that have historically driven investment risk and return, to maintain exposure to stocks while also potentially adding resilience to help manage drawdowns. Funds that seek to track minimum volatility stock indexes allow investors to access a balanced portfolio of stocks that displays lower overall risk to the broad market; funds that seek to track quality stock indexes allow investors to target shares of profitable companies with low leverage and stable earnings. While the quality factor does not explicitly target lower volatility, a focus on high-quality firms has the potential to balance capturing upside and limiting downside.
  • Another strategy is focusing on what matters most — a strong portfolio foundation. A strong foundation means focusing on the long term and maintaining sufficient diversification to withstand whatever comes next. Broad-based equity indexes can work well as building blocks in this regard since investors can target entire regions but remain relatively diversified by virtue of owning a basket of hundreds of stocks.
  • Last, it may make sense to reevaluate whether portfolios contain enough bonds to diversify equity risk. Pivotal events such as elections are opportunities to check and potentially recalibrate comfort levels on stock/bond mix; if an investor is truly worried about power changes inside the Beltway, perhaps it’s time to consider modifying that 70/30 to a 60/40 – especially if it allows you to sleep at night. Broad fixed income indexes can help provide portfolio ballast or allocation to US Treasury bonds, which experience a flight-to-quality when stocks sell-off.

Summing it up

To be sure, market volatility related to the upcoming election can throw investors for a loop, and even the best-designed portfolios can be susceptible to market ebbs and flows. But investors do have options for building resilience into portfolios using factors, fixed income and broad-based equity indexes to help stay on track with their long-term goals.

Holly Framsted, CFA
U.S. Head of Factor ETFs
Jim Fuson contributed to this article
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